Changes between Version 161 and Version 162 of ISO15926Primer_History

11/16/11 05:25:37 (11 years ago)
gordonrachar (IP:



  • ISO15926Primer_History

    v161 v162  
    33= History of ISO 15926 = 
    5 ---- 
    6 [[PageOutline(2-4,Contents,inline)]] 
     5The '''ISO 15926 Primer''' has been replaced with '''An Introduction to ISO 15926''', a free download from Fiatech. 
    8 == Abstract == 
     7This page is out of date and has been depricated. 
    10 Interoperability of digital information became an issue almost as soon as computers made their way into engineering offices.  Many organizations from around the world have been working on this subject for many years, from Owner/Operators, Constructors, Consulting Engineers, and Software Developers.  A number of standards organizations have also initiated projects to implement ISO 15926. 
     9If you reached this page from a link in another web page please inform the webmaster. 
    12 ---- 
     11For a peek at the new book and instructions on how to download a copy please follow this link. 
    14 == Metaphor:  Interoperability is Like Heavier-Than-Air Flight == 
    16 There have been many attempts at interoperability, some fizzling out in a few years, some lasting until today.  Different organizations, with different needs, have tried different approaches.  All of these attempts have had to deal with how to convey the ''meaning'' of the data as it (the data) is being transmitted.  Some solutions are based on limiting the scope of the data in order to simplify the task of conveying meaning, others attempt to allow unlimited scope. 
    18 At the lowest level, interoperability is extremely complex, just as the mechanics of flying is extremely complex.  Fortunately, when it is mature, ''using'' ''ISO'' ''15926'' will be about as complicated as ''using'' ''flight'' is today.  For instance, your humble author, sitting in the middle of Western Canada in the coldest winter since Al Gore started on the rubber chicken circuit, is right now thinking about using heavier-than-air flight.  But if I do, I will not have to concern myself with things like power-to-weight ratios, or the exact curve of the wing to maximize the difference in air pressure between the upper and lower surfaces.  I will simply phone my travel agent and book a flight to Mexico.  Similarly, when ISO 15926 is mature, all most users will need to know is which button to push to connect to a business partner. 
    20 ISO 15926 is a solution to interoperability of plant information made possible by the convergence of four areas of interest: 
    22  * How we store and exchange textual information 
    23  * How we know and understand things 
    24  * How we use the Internet to find things 
    25  * How we store and exchange plant information 
    27 We may well end up with more than one tool for interoperability, just as there is more than one way to do heavier-than-air flight.  (For example, glider, propeller airplane, jet airplane, and helicopter.)  But just as in flight, where the common element to all modes of flight is a particular shape of whatever is doing the lifting (wing, rotor, aircraft body), we are starting to see that the dictionary of terms (Part 4) is becoming a common element.  In Figure 1, below, this is shown as the common use of ISO 15926 Part 4, the reference data library. 
    29 [[Image(History_ISO15926.JPG, 500px)]] 
    31 '''Fig 1 - History of ISO 15926''' 
    33 == How We Store and Exchange of Textual Information == 
    35 One of the first uses of computers was to manage large bodies of written information.  But as we have all personally experienced, hardware and software changes every few years.  Every time an organization changes its technology, its entire document collection has to be moved to the new system.  Because of the immense size of some of these collections, rekeying is impossible. 
    37 From this need we now have well-developed technology for moving text in a way that preserves any embedded context, or meaning.  One example is XML, which is used by many systems as a transport language.  It is a marriage of the lowest common denominator, ASCII text files which virtually every computer system worldwide can read, with the sophistication of being able to embed complex definitions and relationships. 
    39 ISO 15926 uses XML to transport information. 
    41 == How We Know and Understand Things == 
    43 Exchanging information between two well-known applications is relatively simple.  When we know exactly what all the data values mean on both sides of the transaction, it is easy to map them together.  But when we move toward vision of ISO 15926, where anything-can-talk-to-anything, we can no longer count on knowing anything at all about the information on the other side of the transaction. 
    45 In order to transmit information reliably to a random receiver, we must have a common method of classifying things.  This is the study of Taxonomy and Ontology. 
    47 ISO 15926 classifies plant objects using an open, extensible Ontology. 
    49 == How We Use the Internet to Find Information == 
    51 The amount of information that is available on the Internet is truly staggering.  Unfortunately, most of it is junk.  Worse, much of what isn't junk is stored in locations, or in forms, that are not intuitive to all Internet users.  And because the information is not presented in a uniform manner, understanding whether a given piece of information is worthwhile or not usually requires a human being to sift through it page-by-page. 
    53 The vision of the Semantic Web is that human users will be able to launch an intelligent agent that will sift through this huge mass of data on its own and report back when it finds something.  But to enable this we need a way of describing information in a manner that embeds into the information, some of the context humans use to understand things. 
    55 ISO 15926 leverages the tools developed for the Semantic Web. 
    57 == How we Store and Exchange Plant Information == 
    59 Most plant engineers are familiar with the issue of transferring the contents of a CAD drawing from one authoring system to another. But this issue is not a new issue; it goes back several decades to when we first used computers in engineering. The huge demand for free and easy exchange of plant, and other, information has spawned a number of initiatives.  
    61 ISO 15926 builds directly on many of these prior initiatives.  
    63 == Next == 
    65   * [wiki:ISO15926Primer_History_ExchangeTextInformation Primer: How we Store and Exchange Textual Information] 
    67 ---- 
     13  * [wiki:ISO15926Primer An Introduction to ISO 15926] 
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